De Cleyre try a contemporary away from Emma Goldman, having exactly who she handled a love away from respectful argument toward many activities

De Cleyre try a contemporary away from Emma Goldman, having exactly who she handled a love away from respectful argument toward many activities

Josiah Warren (1798 – 1874) “is a western utopian socialist, individualist philosopher, polymath, personal reformer, inventor, singer, printer ink and you will blogger. He could be considered because of the particular since basic American anarchist (no matter if Warren never ever used the identity anarchism himself) therefore the four-webpage weekly papers he modified through the 1833, The new Quiet Revolutionist, the initial anarchist periodical typed, is actually a business for which the guy centered his or her own printing press, cast his own style of, and made his very own print dishes.”

Lysander Spooner

Lysander Spooner (1808 – 1887) “try an american individualist anarchist. He had been together with a keen abolitionist, business owner, essayist, court theorist, pamphletist, governmental philosopher, Unitarian, author and you may a member of the original In the world. Spooner try a robust advocate of one’s labor course and you will anti-authoritarian and individualist anarchist inside the political feedback. Their economic and governmental ideology has always become defined as libertarian socialism and you may mutualism. His https://datingranking.net/escort-directory/chesapeake/ blogs lead to the introduction of one another remaining-libertarian and best-libertarian governmental concept within this libertarianism in the usa. Spooner’s writings are the abolitionist guide The fresh Unconstitutionality out of Bondage and you may No Treason: New Constitution off Zero Power, and therefore compared treason charge facing secessionists. Spooner is additionally known for competing into the Postoffice which have their Western Page Send Team. However, it had been closed just after legal difficulties with the federal government.”

Benjamin Tucker

Benjamin Ricketson Tucker (1854 – 1939) “are a western anarchist and you can libertarian socialist. A nineteenth-century proponent regarding individualist anarchism which he named “unterrified Jeffersonianism”, Tucker are the brand new publisher and you may publisher of your own Western individualist anarchist periodical Independence (1881–1908) and additionally a member of the new socialist Basic Around the world. Tucker harshly opposed county socialism and you will try a supporter regarding libertarian socialism he termed anarchist or anarchistic socialism along with a beneficial buff out of mutualism. He connected the fresh ancient business economics away from Adam Smith while the Ricardian socialists after that regarding Josiah Warren, Karl Marx and you may Pierre-Joseph Proudhon to socialism. After in his life, Tucker transformed into Maximum Stirner’s egoism.”

Adin Ballou

Adin Ballou (1803 – 1890) “are a western proponent regarding Religious nonresistance, Christian anarchism and you will socialism, abolitionism, and also the originator of one’s Hopedale Neighborhood. Thanks to his long career just like the a beneficial Universalist and you can Unitarian minister, the guy tirelessly advocated to your instant abolition out-of slavery, the principles away from Religious anarcho-socialism, and you may advertised the new nonviolent principle from praxis (otherwise ethical suasion) in the respected web log. Such weblog received the admiration of Leo Tolstoy, just who seem to quoted Ballou as the a primary impact on their theological and you will governmental ideology in the low-fiction messages including the Empire out of Goodness is during Your, also supporting Russian translations of some of Ballou’s work. Plus heavily inspiring Tolstoy, Ballou’s Religious anarchist and you may nonresistance beliefs in the messages such as for instance Important Christianity have been handed down away from Tolstoy to Mahatma Gandhi, adding not only to the fresh nonviolent resistance movement about Russian Wave added by Tolstoyans, and also Gandhi’s very early thinkings for the nonviolent concept out of praxis in addition to development of 1st ashram, new Tolstoy Farm. In the a current guide, Western philosopher and you will anarchist Crispin Sartwell had written that the functions by Ballou along with his other Christian anarchist contemporaries such William Lloyd Garrison actually influenced Gandhi and you can Martin Luther Queen Jr., as well.”

John Humphrey Noyes

John Humphrey Noyes (1811 – 1886) “try a western preacher, significant spiritual philosopher, and utopian socialist. He established the Putney, Oneida and you can Wallingford Teams, which can be paid having coining the term ‘advanced marriage’.”

Voltairine de Cleyre

Voltairine de Cleyre (1866 – 1912) “is actually an american anarchist recognized for are a prolific author and presenter just who opposed capitalism, relationship in addition to state and domination out of religion over sex and you can ladies’ life which she noticed due to the fact all of the interrelated. This woman is usually characterized since the a primary early feminist because of their opinions. Born and raised from inside the small towns during the Michigan and you can schooled into the a beneficial Sarnia, Ontario, Catholic convent, de- Cleyre first started her activist job regarding freethought direction. Whether or not she was initially interested in individualist anarchism, de- Cleyre developed because of mutualism as to the she named anarchism instead of adjectives, prioritizing a great stateless community without the use of violence otherwise coercion most of all. Many of de- Cleyre’s essays had been amassed regarding the Chosen Really works from Voltairine de Cleyre, penned posthumously because of the Goldman’s journal Nature within the 1914.”